WVU researchers to track methane - WOWK 13 Charleston, Huntington WV News, Weather, Sports

WVU researchers to track methane

Posted: Updated:
  • Local NewsLocal NewsMore>>

  • UPDATE: Route 2 now open following tractor trailer accident

    UPDATE: Route 2 now open following tractor trailer accident

    Monday, August 25 2014 4:00 PM EDT2014-08-25 20:00:48 GMT
    A tractor trailer is blocking part of Route 2. The road is closed until further notice. Drivers heading in both direction are being asked to use the Big Ben Bowen Highway connector by Target to get around.
    A tractor trailer is blocking part of Route 2. The road is closed until further notice. Drivers heading in both direction are being asked to use the Big Ben Bowen Highway connector by Target to get around.
  • EducationMore>>

  • Valley College scheduled to hold graduation ceremony Sept. 12

    Valley College scheduled to hold graduation ceremony Sept. 12

    Tuesday, August 26 2014 9:54 AM EDT2014-08-26 13:54:04 GMT
    On Friday, September 12, Valley College will hold a graduation ceremony at Cornerstone Family Church in Princeton.
    On Friday, September 12, Valley College will hold a graduation ceremony at Cornerstone Family Church in Princeton.
  • WVU Tech and WVU sign 4+1 MBA Pathway agreement

    WVU Tech and WVU sign 4+1 MBA Pathway agreement

    Monday, August 25 2014 1:42 PM EDT2014-08-25 17:42:26 GMT
    On Tuesday, August 26, West Virginia University Tech Leonard C. Nelson College of Engineering and Sciences and West Virginia University College of Business and Economics are set to sign an agreement establishing 4+1 MBA Pathway.
    On Tuesday, August 26, West Virginia University Tech Leonard C. Nelson College of Engineering and Sciences and West Virginia University College of Business and Economics are set to sign an agreement establishing 4+1 MBA Pathway.
  • Different career pathways for different students

    Different career pathways for different students

    Sunday, August 24 2014 11:00 AM EDT2014-08-24 15:00:10 GMT
    When it comes to preparing students for college and the careers looming in their futures, Jose V. Sartarelli, Milan Puskar dean of West Virginia University's College of Business and Economics, said, “the one size fits all solution is not going to cut it.”
    When it comes to preparing students for college and the careers looming in their futures, Jose V. Sartarelli, Milan Puskar dean of West Virginia University's College of Business and Economics, said, “the one size fits all solution is not going to cut it.”

Researchers from West Virginia University's Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions will work with the Environmental Defense Fund to do a comprehensive study of methane leak and loss audits at five sites in the Barnett Shale region near Forth Worth, Tex. to look for potential climate implications.

The two teams from WVU did much of their work in October, led by Derek Johnson, the principal investigator and research assistant professor in mechanical and aerospace engineering.

"As the industry grows, it must grow responsibly," Johnson said. "Since methane is a potent greenhouse gas, we must conduct this and similar research to help minimize or mitigate its loss across the supply chain."

Johnson said this kind of research can help gain a better understanding of the methane loss associated with the growing sector, which includes natural gas used for power generation and also as a transportation fuel.

The audits are based on a measurement campaign that already took place in the active shale producing basin in Texas. The audits at those sites included pipeline compressor stations and injection well sites. The measurements will help to compare both bottom-up and also top-down methods for regional methane loss quantification.

The Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions, or CAFEE, researchers used high-volume sampling systems and greenhouse gas analyzers using cavity-enhanced absorption to quantify leaks and losses at the sites in real time, according to information from WVU. The researchers also used an infrared camera from the National Energy Technology Laboratory to both spot and to record methane leaks.

The team also collected bag samples for hydrocarbon measurements with gas spectrometers. Exhaust samples were analyzed to determine the amount of methane slip from the dedicated natural gas fueled engines that power transmission line and storage well compressors.

WVU has planned to produce a report on the team's findings to contribute to a paper that will summarize the results from the various measurements taken as part of the coordinated campaign.

The combination of teams from top industry and academic research institutions from throughout the country worked together to collect methane emissions data using groud-based, vehicle and aircraft measurement tools.

The CAFEE team was funded by the Environmental Defense Fund, WVU's Energy Council and funds from the WVU George Berry Chair Endowment.